Overview of accommodation establishments and guest nights.

The city's accommodation sector was severely impacted by the 2010/2011 Canterbury Earthquake Sequence.

Many accommodation establishments were unavailable due to being temporarily or permanently damaged. Most central city establishments were inaccessible for many months after February 2011 as they were located within the cordoned area of the central city.

Topic

Status

Key findings

Guest nights Increasing trendIncreasingTrend

There were 3.1 million guest nights at the City's commercial accommodation establishments for the year ended June 2018.

During the same period, a further estimated 785,000 guest nights were booked at the city's Airbnbs. Further information.

Accommodation establishments Increasing trendIncreasingTrend

In June 2018, there were 210 commercial accommodation establishments in the City.

Airbnb accommodation is growing rapidly in Christchurch. In June 2018 there were 2331 active Airbnb listings for rooms and entire homes/apartments, which has since increased to 2500 in October 2018. Further information.

Daily accommodation capacity Increasing trendIncreasingTrend In June 2018, the City's commercial accommodation establishments had 8825 stay units of accommodation available daily for guest use. Further information.
Contribution to economy Increasing trendIncreasingTrend In 2016, the accommodation industry contributed $240 million towards Canterbury's GDP. This has increased by $66 million since 2014. Further information.
Satisfaction with accommodation Increasing trendIncreasingTrend Visitor satisfaction with the City's accommodation remains high, with an overall score of 8.4 out of 10 in 2018 (10 = extremely satisfied). Further information.

Guest nights

From the late 1990s to the mid-2000s, the number of guest nights at commercial accommodation providers in Christchurch increased annually. The number fluctuated between 2005 and 2010, in part due to the Global Financial Crisis (GFC).

Immediately after the the 2010/2011 Canterbury Earthquake Sequence, the total number of visitors staying in commercial accommodation establishments dropped by 38%.

Guest nights have gradually increased and in 2018 reached 3.1 million, an 11% increase from the previous year. The number of guest nights in 2018 equated to 91% of pre-quake numbers.

The number of guest nights from international guests more than halved between 2010 and 2012 (falling from 1.75 million to just over 800,000). Encouragingly, the number of international guest nights in the city has increased annually since 2012, and in 2018, international guests made up 49% of all guest nights.

Prior to the earthquakes, around 45% of guest nights were spent at hotel establishments, and around 28% at motels. After the earthquakes, with the city's hotel stock depleted, the proportion of guest nights spent at hotels fell to around 26%. This has gradually increased to 40% in 2018.

Guests staying at Airbnbs have increased substantially since 2016.

It is estimated that in the month of June 2016, there were around 1100 Airbnb guests for the month, staying at active Airbnb listings. By September 2018, there were around 58,300 Airbnb guest nights for the month (averaging around 1900 guests per night, compared with 36 per night in June 2016).

In the 12 months ending September 2018, there has been a noticeable seasonal trend to guests staying at Airbnbs, with the greatest demand during the summer months. Airbnb guest nights peaked in February 2018, with an estimated 104,000 guests for the month.

When estimated Airbnb guest nights are combined with guest nights at commercial accommodation providers for the year ended June 2018, total visitor guest nights totalled 3.85 million. This is more than the pre-quake total of around 3.4 million guest nights (at commercial establishments only) in 2010.

As a proportion of the combined Airbnb and commercial accommodation guest nights, Airbnb guests made up less than 1% in June 2016. By September 2018, Airbnb guests made up around 22% of all of these guest nights.

Type of accommodation establishments

In 2010, there were 237 commercial accommodation providers in the city. Motels made up the majority of these establishments (61%), followed by hotels (19%).

Two years after the earthquakes, the city had lost more than one fifth of its accommodation establishments (In 2012 there were 53 fewer establishments than in 2010), with a decrease in all types of establishments, with hotels particularly affected (numbers more than halved, from 46 to 22).

Since 2012, the number of hotel, motel and backpacker establishments have increased overall and by June 2018 there were 210 establishments. Motels made up two thirds of these, while hotels made up 15%.

Airbnb accommodation providers have become an increasingly important part of the City's visitor accommodation supply. In June 2016, there were around 112 active Airbnb listings for private rooms and entire homes/apartments.

By October 2018, there were around 2500 active listings. Around 1120 of these (45%) were for entire homes/apartments, which has the potential to impact on the City's rental housing supply for local residents.

Accommodation capacity

Just over 8800 stay units were available to guests daily during 2018 at commercial accommodation establishments. This is the highest since the post-quake low of 5850 (in 2012) but is 82% of the pre-quake daily capacity of 10,750 stay units.

Around 32% of the City's capacity was at hotels, followed by motels (24%).

Although there is no data for the total capacity of Airbnbs, the number of monthly active listings - 1380 private rooms and 1120 entire homes/apartments for the month of September 2018 - suggests that Airbnb annual capacity could number several thousand stay units each day.

Contribution of accommodation to economy

Tourism brings flow-on benefits to the region's economy. In 2016, the commercial accommodation industry contributed $240 million towards Canterbury's GDP.

Before the earthquakes, the accommodation industry contributed around $203 million towards Canterbury's GDP. This fell to $174 million by March 2014, which was similar to the amount in 2008.

Between 2014 and 2016, there was a $66 million increase (38%) in the value of the accommodation industry towards's Canterbury region's GDP. 

Visitor satisfaction with accommodation

Visitors staying in Christchurch City are generally satisfied with the City's accommodation, with an overall satisfaction score of 8.4 out of 10 in 2018 (with 0 being not at all satisfied and 10 being extremely satisfied). This is an improvement from 8.1 in 2016.

In 2018, visitors to Christchurch were more satisfied with the availability of accommodation rather than the price of accommodation.

In 2018, visitors from Australia and New Zealand rated their satisfaction with the availability of accommodation at 8 out of 10, which was slightly higher than other international visitors (7.8). Availability was rated higher in 2018 than in 2016 by each of the tourist markets.

New Zealand visitors were more satisfied with the price of accommodation than international visitors, with an overall rating of 7.4 out of 10 (compared with 7.2 for international visitors). Once again, ratings were higher in 2018 than in 2016.

 

Further information

Please email monitor@ccc.govt.nz for further information.

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